The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  The agreement defines goods, services and related processes. Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). After the vote, MEPs broke into a choir of “Auld Lang Syne,” a traditional Scottish farewell song. The withdrawal law, which aims to implement the Prime Minister`s Brexit deal with the EU in October, was presented in the Queen`s Speech on Thursday, which set out the government`s priorities for next year. The first (Amendment 1) concerns the residence rights of EU citizens. MEPs voted by 269 votes in favour and 229 against, resulting in the amendment.
The House of Commons supported an earlier bill at second reading in October; but rejected the Prime Minister`s plan to bring him down by Parliament within days, prompting him to push for parliamentary elections. On Thursday evening, the member of the House of Commons ratified the government`s withdrawal agreement by 330 votes to 231. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. He pointed to the obligations that the Prime Minister had withdrawn from the law since MPs voted on the agreement in the last Parliament in October. These include promises on workers` rights, Parliament`s role in the review of future trade negotiations and the protection of refugee children. Former Home Secretary Theresa May replaced David Cameron as prime minister on July 11, promising the country: “Brexit is Brexit.” May had tacitly supported Remain`s campaign before the referendum. At first, she did not specify when her government would trigger Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union to begin two-year talks leading to the UK`s formal withdrawal. However, the Labour MP for South Shields, Emma Lewell-Buck, said she would vote in favour of the bill and added: “The party opposite has a mandate they didn`t have before.